Chip Morningstar led software development for AMiX, including implementing its smart contracting system. He is a pioneer in virtual worlds and online games, designing and leading the creation of Lucasfilm’s Habitat, the first MMO, for which, among other things, he coined the term “Avatar” in its modern usage. He co-founded Electric Communities where he was one of the implementers of the E programming language and many other technical precursors to Agoric’s approach to distributed systems. He is the co-creator of the JSON data interchange format and current editor of the Ecma/ISO JSON standard. He is also an avid photographer and model railroader.